The Effectiveness of The Security Council’s Powers in Activating International Cooperation with The International Criminal Court
Dr. Khaled Hassani
Prof. Lecturer – Faculty of Law and Political Science – University of Abderrahmane Mira-Bejaia – Algeria
The Preamble to the Statute of the International Criminal Court has solemnly affirmed the importance of international cooperation between the International Criminal Court and the Security Council. In its third paragraph -regarding the extradition of the States- it confirmed that the fight against dangerous crimes which is within the jurisdiction of the court contributes to the achievement of peace and international security and welfare in the world.
The Rome Statute has also established an important relationship between the International Criminal Court and the Security Council, in cases where member states and non-members of the Rome Statute fail to comply with their obligations of co-operation presented to them by the court provided that the referral is made by the Security Council and that the failure of States to comply prevents the court from performing its tasks.
For this purpose, this study is to discuss the prerogatives of the Security Council in activating international cooperation with the International Criminal Court by demonstrating the aspects of international cooperation between the court and the Security Council, and then to limit the procedures that the Security Council undertakes to States that forbid cooperation with the International Criminal Court within the framework of the Rome Statute and the related rules of law.
Keywords: International Crimes, the Rome Statute, international security and peace, Chapter VII of the Charter, UN.