Employing Artificial Intelligence Technology in Combating Corruption Crimes between the Possible and the Hoped: Descriptive Study in the Field of Criminal Law
Dr. Muaath Sulaiman Al Mulla
Associate Professor of Criminal Law – Kuwait International Law School
Nowadays, numerous countries around the world are striving to build a developed smart automated system capable of achieving digital transformation, which is deemed one of the most important pillars of modern economic growth. These countries endeavor to provide an attractive environment for investment competition by attracting foreign capitals and supporting national capital in order to develop their various resources and reach a society of knowledge and innovation. This objective is fully consistent with international calls for the implementation of the sustainable development plans of 2030.
In the context of this transformation, countries are seeking to invest modern technology in combating many of the disconcerting issues facing them and their societies. The most important of which are issues related to corruption and its negative repercussions especially on its developmental environment. Corruption, in fact, can make the economic environment repellent to foreign investors and citizens, since both would be too scared to place their money in an environment that lacks economic stability. This in turn dissipates their confidence in dealing with government agencies towards the success of their developmental plans.
This study discusses one of the modern mechanisms adopted by some countries to combat and prevent corruption crimes by employing artificial intelligence technology to monitor and predict illegal dealings. It has been proven that the use of this technology has a positive impact on investors, as it promotes the concepts of open government and transparency.
The study adopts a descriptive approach based on recent data and facts about the phenomenon of corruption in the Kuwaiti Society, in light of Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI), the Kuwaiti Legislature’s approach in facing this phenomenon, and the measures implemented in light of Law No. 2/2016 on Establishing Kuwait Anti-Corruption Authority. The Comparative Method is used in some aspects in order to present and examine the approaches followed by some countries that have employed the Artificial Intelligence Technology in combating corruption, address the basics, guiding principles and guidelines applicable in Member States of the European Union along, and clarify the mechanism followed by Estonia as a successful example in this field.
Depending on this research methodology, the study is divided into two sections preceded by an introductory section, in which the importance of employing artificial intelligence technology in combating crimes in general is highlighted. The first section discusses the criminal confrontation against corruption in Kuwait, while the second section demonstrates the necessity to make use of artificial intelligence technology in combating and protecting against corruption crimes. Finally, the study concludes with a set of findings and recommendations.
Keywords: artificial intelligence technology, anti-Ccorruption, e-government crime, transparency, corruption in Kuwait.